The Annunaki (Anuna in original Sumerian text) gods were numerous. According to Sumerian text, they numbered 600 in population. It was written that 300 were given reign over the heavens (everything outside of Earth) and 300 were sent down to reign over Earth. The term “god” is the widely accepted translation of the Sumerian word used to describe the ruling authority or royal bloodline of these beings. This is an important detail to keep in mind as these writings are explored. Our contemporary use of the word “god” often brings religious dogmas and secular division with it. Many monotheistic religions of the twenty-first century will instantly reject any use of the term “god” that describes anyone or anything other than the one true God of the Christian Bible and Hebrew Torah.
It is important to understand that the Sumerians also had a monotheistic view of the Universe. The Anuna were flesh and blood beings that ate food, drank water and wine, exhibited emotions, organized themselves into a hierarchy, prayed, mediated, sang, loved, procreated, fought and died. Whenever Sumerian text mentions an Anuna god, they are often referred to as “Lord”, signifying their authority. Their powers, knowledge and technological creations are often described as “Holy” and “Divine”. However, we should keep in mind these words were chosen by modern day translators. The original meanings of these words might have been better translated as “powerful, abilities beyond understanding, superior, or advanced.” The word “god” is the word contemporary linguistic translation experts selected to use as a descriptive modifier. However, the Annuna gods believed in an all-powerful and superior force called “An” or “Anu” (Babylonian text) that was the life force in the Universe. An was the one true God. The word Anuna and Annunaki are derived from the word “An” and “Anu”, essentially meaning “of god”.
While the Anuna gods possessed intellectual and technological abilities far superior to humans, they did not consider themselves equal to An. They did not call themselves gods in our modern definition of the word. If we can view these beings as nothing more than advanced mortal beings, we can better understand the Sumerian writings and comprehend the influence these beings had on shaping the first civilization in recorded history.